Growing a garden of fruit trees for some fruity wine-making is an odyssey as the amateur winemaker will never know whether excess fruits can actually turn into good wine. But very soon his eyes are open to see the wisdom of using sound, ripe fruits – the key to producing quality fruit wine. And this , he will not forget, not after suffering the ill effects of fruit wines that come from poor-quality fruits. So growing quality fruit-bearing trees becomes a top priority, and taking proper care of them, a necessary evil.
Wine laws dictate any fruit that has enough sugar to be fermented into alcohol, is suitable for fruity wine making. These fruit wines take on the flavor and character of the fruit by which they are called. Unlike grape wines, fruit wines are high in antioxidants, not resveratrol. Further, fruit wines can’t be aged as the aroma and flavor of fruit wines don’t keep for long .
In fruity wine-making, wine made from Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale), native of tropical America, is said to be the finest ever made from tropical fruits. It sports an astringent flavor similar to that of the Jambolan (Syzygium cumini) fruit, a native of South East Asia. Sweet fruit wines are also made from the Bignay (Antidesma bunius) and Herbert River Cherry (Antidesma dallachyanum) fruits, both natives of Australia. Notably, a fruit wine with a grape-like flavor is obtained from the Jaboticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora) fruit, a native of Brazil.
Another point of interest in fruity wine-making is that it embraces a wide range of Chinese fruit wines, from well-known fruits like pineapple (Ananas comosus), apricot (Prunus armeniaca), and orange (Citrus sinensis) to exotic ones like loquat (Eriobotraya japonica), lychee (Litchi chinensis), and Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum).
The chief use of fruit wines is for culinary purposes- as accompaniment to desserts, for making pan reductions in meat dishes, in baking and in drink concoctions.
The round, green to brown fruits are like a small Asian pear (pyrus pyrifolia) or the Genip or Marmalade box (Genipa american) fruit but they are as hard as the Rough-shell Macadamia (Macadamia tetraphylla) fruit. Moreover, the white flowers are showy, and malodorous,quite unlike the melony scent of the Asian pear blooms.
Fruity wine-making is a hit with the Granny Smith’s apple, a thorough, sound fruit that it remains green, even long after it has left the tree. In fact, there are other fruits that remain green when ripe like the Baneberry (Actaea Spicata), Green sapote (Pouteria viridis) lime (Citrus aurantifolia), and avocado (Persea americana). Nevertheless, in making apple wine, the peel and core are not to be removed owing to their high fiber content.Granny smith’s apple wine pairs well with pork and mutton.
When cut open, the ruby-red seeds of the Pomegranate (Punica granatum) look somewhat like red cells of Finger lime (Citrus australasica) while the flowers are like the red, tubular Escallonia ‘Red Elf’. The wild pomegranate, Daru (Punica granatum Daru) may not have sufficient sugars for making wine bacause of its excessive acid content.
It is noted that Pomegranate wine, has the same constituents as pomegranate juice which is often used as its substitute in cooking. Pomegranate wine is perfect with poultry and any lamb dishes.
‘Bradford’ Callery Pear By Rievse – Adapted From Wikimedia Commons
From his account on the diseases of cider, William T Brant points out that taking bad quality fruits can result in serious physical disorders like inflammation of the intestines. Furthermore, the use of fallen fruits and early fruits will result in a wine with a short shelf-life. As regarding the weather, it is noted that rainy seasons will hamper the fruit from ripening so that it contains little sugar. Abrupt changes in the weather disrupts fermentation. Indeed, growing a garden of fruits for fruity wine-making is not without its hazards.
There is a need to bear in mind a couple of considerations to ensure healthy, fruitful trees in growing a garden of fruit trees. For a start, a certain space should be reserved for it to grow to maturity. Further, adapting the soil – its nature, composition and depth – to the growth of each distinct variety is highly desirable. Additionally, certain principles on the nature and habits of a tree should underlie all pruning practices. Lastly, thorough drainage is absolutely essential to productivity in growing a garden of fruit trees.
In fact, fruit trees need to be fertilized now and then in order to replenish the soil for what they have taken from it. This is because the fruit trees extract inorganic compounds from the soil and change them into organic substances as found in the fruits. This will defertilize the soil, especially of potash and phosphoric acid. Growing a garden of fruit trees can be rather labor intensive until the day fruit trees that require less maintenance are found.